Vietnam can not replace China in manufacturing

Vietnam, a frontier market in southeast Asia, is often cited as one of the biggest winners in the u.s.-china trade dispute. But some analysts point to bottlenecks that could limit Vietnam’s ability to absorb additional trade flows.

One factor is manufacturing output. The size of China’s manufacturing sector and economy allows companies to operate more efficiently. Vietnam is seen by many as one of the best places to replace China, but while it still accounts for a small share of global manufacturing output, it has hit an economic bottleneck.

Another important constraint on Vietnam, some analysts said, was a lack of human capital, the report said. This refers to the economic value of the workforce, which includes factors such as the worker’s level of education, skills and health.

Vietnam cannot replace China in manufacturing

The report says Vietnam has a young and growing workforce — people aged 15 and older who are employed or not but are looking for work. But Vietnam’s workforce is much smaller than China’s.

Overall, Vietnam’s economy is much smaller than that of China, the world’s second-largest, the report said. That in itself has limited the southeast Asian country’s ability to replicate the great success of Chinese manufacturing.

The international competitiveness of China’s agricultural products

The international competitiveness of China's agricultural products

Increasing openness of agriculture in our country since wto accession, the interaction of two markets both at home and abroad and deepening, accurately grasp the international agricultural product market characteristics and the status of China’s agricultural competitiveness and agriculture are faced with the problem, open for better use of two resources, two markets as a whole to ensure the healthy development of the domestic agricultural is very important.

Trends and characteristics of supply and demand in international agricultural products market.Throughout the history of world agricultural product supply and demand and market changes over the past 50 years, the international agricultural product supply and demand and market have the following 7 significant characteristics and trends.

The international supply and demand of agricultural products are basically in balance, but regional shortages and food insecurity are prominent, and the risk of food crisis always exists. From 1961 to 2012, the global output of major agricultural products such as grains, oils and meat kept rising, higher than the population growth rate in the same period, and the per capita share increased steadily. But the regional imbalance, the difference is obvious. Developed countries produce too much food and developing countries are short of it. There are still 800 million hungry and undernourished people in the world. The balance between annual food supply and demand is also unstable. During this period, there were also three world food crises in the early 1970s, early 1990s and 2008, and the threat of food crisis has never been eradicated.

Relative to the effective demand with purchasing power, the international agricultural products market is abundant in supply, which has been oversupplied for quite a long time. Although there are a lot of poverty and malnutrition in the world’s population, but due to its lack of purchasing power, the demand for agricultural products cannot be converted to effective market demand, the international agricultural products market in a long period of general oversupply situation, surplus agricultural products processing and international agricultural products market price is too low has been a big problem of the international community. According to the statistics of unctad and fao, the real price level of major agricultural products in the world has been declining for a long time, but only in recent years has it started to rise due to the development of biomass energy. Over the past decade, global grain stocks have remained above the food security warning line.

The volume of grain trade in the international market accounts for a limited proportion of total grain production, and the basic grain supply capacity mainly depends on domestic production. The proportion of global grain trade in output is relatively low, remaining around 12% to 13.5% from 2001 to 2012. In contrast, the degree of trade liberalization of soybeans is relatively high, with trade volume accounting for 37.2% of production in 2012. This shows that, from a global perspective, food supply mainly depends on domestic production, and world food trade only contributes to less than 15% of global food supply.

Overall, there is great potential for supply growth in the international market and an effective response to China’s growing demand. But international markets are also risky. There is the risk of short-term, local shortages and food crises, of increased price volatility, of monopoly by multinational corporations and of increased control by major exporting countries. The characteristics of the international agricultural product market and supply and demand determine that we should not only make full use of it, but also prevent excessive dependence and risks.

Status quo of Chinese agricultural competitiveness

Agricultural burden of living costs are high, agricultural cost reduction is difficult. The cost of production in China is higher than that in the United States mainly because of the high cost of labor and land. Land rent and labor cost are actually converted into farmers’ income, which is an important source of supporting farmers’ livelihood. Therefore, the difference in the production cost of bulk agricultural products between China and the United States is essentially the difference in the livelihood cost borne by the two countries’ agriculture. In other words, the high production cost of bulk agricultural products in China is mainly due to the high livelihood cost of supporting the agricultural population. According to FAO data, China has about 5 agricultural people per hectare of arable land, 0.014 in the United States, 0.1 in the European Union and 0.6 in Japan. In addition, the construction of China’s rural social security system started late, and agriculture has significant multi-functional characteristics. It bears a variety of non-commodity functions such as food security, social security, environmental protection and rural development. The realization of these functions is at the cost of efficiency, which also weakens the competitiveness of China’s agriculture to some extent.

Of course, is said to have comparative advantage in the labor-intensive products in China, through moderate scale management, social service, science and technology progress and other measures to enhance the competitiveness of agriculture is still a certain scope, but on the whole, agriculture in our country, especially in agricultural commodities industry compared with the world’s leading exporter, there is a huge gap based competitive and difficult to change. With the improvement of China’s resident income level and the rise of agricultural labor opportunity cost, this gap will further expand, and the lack of agricultural basic competitiveness and high production cost will become more and more prominent.

 

How to improve the international competitiveness of China’s textile exports

China is the world’s largest exporter of textile and garment products, and the textile and garment industry is also China’s pillar industry.The processing and export of textile and garment products plays a vital role in ensuring China’s foreign exchange reserve, balance of international payments, stability of RMB exchange rate, solving social employment and sustainable development of textile industry.

How to improve the international competitiveness of China's textile exports

Textiles Quality Control Standards and Testing Procedures

All materials undergo testing. Initial testing is done when a new product process, or supplier is accepted. These tests lead to the development of quality standards, which our suppliers take responsibility for meeting. Quality is checked at suppliers, as materials are received in our facilities, and throughout production.

All textiles are tested for their ability to stand up to the kind of wear they are likely to get in actual use, including fire retardancy, elongation, strength, and color transfer. Qualities such as surface texture, pattern, ability to absorb or reflect light, ability to conform to product,and ability to respond within an environment when placed next to woods, laminates, glass,carpeting, painted surfaces, or other textiles are also taken into consideration.

Analysis of advantages and disadvantages of trading company and manufacturer

Advantages and disadvantages of trading company:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Disadvantage

1. More and more international buyers tend to purchase directly from manufacturers to obtain price advantages.
2. Manufacturers develop increased awareness of foreign customers. Many factories have begun to develop independently while cooperating with trading companies. Coupled with the adjustment of national policies, the export right of foreign trade has been changed from the original approval system to the registration system, and factory exports have gradually become a domestic climate.
3. The trading company does not have its own factory, there is no advantage in price, and the competitiveness of other domestic suppliers is weak.

Advantage

1. The advantage of a trading company without its own factory is that all factories in China can be their own factories. Customers’ needs are often diversified and personalized. Generally, a single factory is often difficult to meet customer requirements. The advantage of a trading company is Maximize the advantages of domestic factories to achieve customer needs.
2. Analyze the advantages of trading companies by analyzing the characteristics of international buyers and the disadvantages of factories.

International buyers are divided into 4 categories:

a. A multinational company with a procurement department in China that employs domestic procurement staff. Such companies generally purchase directly from factories or from powerful distributors. They know China very well, and the products they purchase tend to be finished products.
b. There is no purchasing department in China, but the person in charge is responsible for purchasing in China. Such companies know or understand the Chinese market very well. They have more or less experience in purchasing in China. They tend to shop around, and high outrageous prices are likely to be eliminated. Such a buyer does not necessarily choose the one with the lowest price, but will use the lowest price to find the supplier he thinks is the best service, hoping that they will accept the price.
c. Small and medium-sized enterprises that have purchasing desires in China but lack experience. Such companies are often the main target of foreign trade companies in the current situation. First of all, they often do not have a person responsible for purchasing in China. They cannot invest too much energy. The needs of customers are often diversified. The products of a factory often cannot meet the requirements of customers. This requires trading companies to take on the responsibility of integrating domestic factories to meet guest needs.
d. Have not considered purchasing in China and have no purchasing experience. The potential of this development seems relatively small, but not all. Some customers have never considered purchasing in China, but when they receive a sales letter, they just have a new project at hand, so just take a look. If the first cooperation is smooth, a long-term cooperative relationship will be established.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Disadvantages of manufacturers:

Although most domestic factories currently have a direct export tendency and have their own salemen, they still have many disadvantages:

A. Insufficient experience. Many trading departments are newly established, and salemen are also novices who only speak English. They lack experience and lack foreign trade leaders with rich experience in trading.
B. Poor ability to judge risk. Of course, everyone is afraid of encountering scams and the like, but they are more afraid than trading companies. Because there is no experience, people who can take the board often can not speak English, and people who can speak English often can not take the board. This cumbersome communication process hinders the factory’s foreign trade route is smooth.
C. Less investment. Although factories want to export, they are often afraid, unwilling or not knowing how to invest. Foreign trade needs investment. And if there is no input, how can there be output?
D. The factory’s products are single and can not meet the diverse needs of some customers.

6 Excellent Ways to Help You Get More New Customers

Building a healthy client may seem like an overwhelming task, but no doubt that a healthy client base is the lifeblood of your company.  It is one of the most critical elements to have a successful business. A steady stream of new customers are good for you to grow your business and fulfill your company vision. Here are 6 ways that can help you get more clients for your business.

1. Identify Your Ideal Client

One of the most important elements of a marketing strategy is to identify your customer base. You should effectively understand who your ideal customers are and have a crystal clear picture in your head of exactly who you’re targeting. This will immensely help you get more customers for your business. At the same time, narrow down the focus of your ideal client and avoid making broad target market statements. Few products appeal to that vast of a group of people, and overstating your market will prevent you from developing viable targeted strategies for attracting clients.

2. Know Where Your Customer Come From

With your targeted customers in mind, identify those places where they are likely to be found (media, online, offline, mail, etc.), and then create messages for
them. Where you look for customers will depend on the nature of your business. Some good online locations include forums and social media pages, including your own and those of similar or complementary businesses. Also, you can meet plenty of potential customers at conferences and conventions in your industry.

3. Understand Your Business Well

Thoroughly understanding your industry and having a firm knowledge of your product or service is critical to being able to attract interested clients. When you know your product backward and forward, that fact comes through. The people who would be interested in your offerings can see how knowledgeable you are and will seek your assistance.

4. Focus On Direct Response Marketing

You must learn to create marketing strategies that attract your ideal customers. There are various ways to get them attracted, including promotional coupons, deep discounts and many more. This is the best tactic to encourage them to buy your product or services.

5. Build Good Partnerships

Teaming up with businesses that offer complementary services offers you the opportunity to take advantage of synergy, which can be very effective in building a business. Focus on building human relationships. The stronger your relationships are, the more likely your customers will be to tell their friends about you. Then, the more likely they’ll be to come back.

6. Follow Up

After your efforts to bring in business, always remember to close the loop. Remember to set follow up tasks (follow up to sample sent, etc.), and execute your plan. Doing this simple step is sure to get your client base to grow.

As we all know, it is not hard to get more new customers. But when we develop new customers, we should not forget to maintain good relationship with the old customers.

5 ways to improve the quality of products

Quality is onboard with the goals of making the best product or service available and reducing customer complaints. Complying with quality standards is no easy task, even with enough resources available to manage them. Following are 5 ways to improve the quality of products.

1. Get accurate item specifications.
Both the catalog retailer and the vendor should have something in writing that accurately depicts each product’s specifications, including important factors such as representing colors as accurately as possible and using the correct sizes and measurements.

2.Define the Real Requirements.
For each business process define what is really needed (specific outputs and targets) to hit the objective of the process. Focus on what it will take to drive high customer satisfaction and build this into your process.

3.Keep business processes as simple as possible.
Remove unnecessary meetings, consolidate approval steps, minimize the number of approvers  focus on what the process is trying to achieve. Document the business process and have stakeholders review and approve each step.

4.Define Key Performance Indicators.
Critically examine what each process is trying to achieve, the required inputs and the expected results. Document the drivers so as you examine the measures later you can determine how to affect change.

5.Evaluate Improvement Opportunities.
Develop a process to routinely evaluate applicable quality standards to look for changes and identify opportunities for improvement.

In conclusion, implementing quality control program – and enforcing it consistently – is not easy, but its potential benefits make the effort worthwhile. Such a program can keep your overall costs in line, improving your bottom line and at the same time enhancing long-term customer satisfaction and the lifetime value of your customers.

 

Factory audit stadard

Factory Audits are performed according to the standard of ISO9000 or customized requirements.It helps the clients to know if the factory has the ability to complete their order as required.

For a standard Factory Audit, it mainly covers the below fields:

Factory Profile
It is the general information about the factory, such as the factory’s foundation date, the work floor area, the main customers, the number of employees, the organization and the product main process etc.

Factory Facilities and Machinery Conditions
It gives some basic information about the machines and facilities, such as the number of machines, the machine type, the maintenance condition and the housekeeping situation etc.

Electric Power Supply and Delivery / Loading Condition
To check if the public power supply is stable, if the factory has enough back-up power generators when needed and the time from the factory to the airport or port etc.

Production Capacity
To check if the factory’s production capacity in terms of number of machines, workers and warehouse etc. can meet the order volume.

Quality Assurance system
To check the factory’s quality control process in procurement, equipment calibration, in-coming material, manufacturing, final products and customer’s complaint handling areas.

Hygiene and Security
To check if the employees are in a good and safe working condition.

How to Source Products from China

When you are looking to source products from China, you may be confused or overwhelmed by the process. After all, China is a huge country and different manufacturers make different items. In addition, the language barrier can often be a problem.

You must have the right strategy and avoid common mistakes, or you could miss out on the best opportunities available to you. Follow the steps below to put yourself in the best position to make more money in a shorter amount of time.

1. Research the Market
Your first step is research.

You cannot skip this step if you want to be profitable because many businesses and entrepreneurs are now selling products that compete with each other. If you enter a crowded niche, you will simply struggle to maintain the margins necessary to rise to the top of the crop.

When researching, first find out what the market wants. You can search on Amazon for such as the top 1,000 products in any category.

Once you have found a product that fits the criteria, select two or three that you personally feel you know a lot about already.

When you have a found a top-1000 product with poor marketing that you have experience with, it’s time to move to the next step.

2. Contact Your Chinese Manufacturers
Don’t worry, most reputable manufacturers in China have English speaking support.

Then you can go to Alibaba, a huge website that connects you with thousands of qualified manufacturers in China for any product you could imagine. You can chat with them, search for different criteria (such as years they have been in business, their quality rating, payment options, and more). You should narrow it down to three or four manufacturers that have images of similar products to what you want.

3. Negotiate

Factories make money on large volumes, since their prices are usually low.

Therefore, you must project the idea that you are planning on going big from the start.

Once you have selected the few companies you would be happy buying from, you can send them to get better pricing.

4. Asking for Samples or making orders directly
When you have received the quotes from the final manufacturers who you narrowed it down to, it’s time to pick the best price and order your first round.

You can asking for some samples or place a small order directly. Of course, if you worry about trusty of the supplier, you can hire a third party inspection company to do company or factorty audit for you before transferring money to supplier.

5. Give all the requirements of product to your supplier and waiting for the goods
First, take some great photos of your product (links to step-by-step DIY product photo guide) from every angle you can.

The more photos, and higher quality, the better. This is one of the key ways to make your item stand out in a competitive online marketplace. Hire a photographer or use your own phone if you need to, but make it happen.

Now, you will create a product description. When writing this, you will list the actual features of the physical product.

You must also connect the features, which are simply characteristics, to the real benefits the customer is getting.

6.Doing quality inspection
Hire a third party inspection company to help to do quality inspection before goods leave China.

7. Checking the products after receive
After you receive the goods, you can check by your side again.

8. Re-order or stop this business
After checking the goods, you will come to a conclusion about re-order or stoppinmg the business with your supplier.

Is it safe to receive package or goods from China?

There is no doubt that China has become world factory for decades. Many buyers from worldwide must be concerned about whether the package/goods they will receive from China will be contaminated by 2019nCoV or not. We as inspection company care about this point too, as our inspectors will touch the cartons/goods to conduct the inspection. We check with World Health Organization (WHO), and are glad to see the Question and Answer dated on 1 Feb 2020 from WHO official twitter account.

Q: Is it safe to receive a letter or a package from China?

A: Yes, it is safe. People receiving packages from China are not at risk of contracting #2019nCoV.
From previous analysis, we know coronaviruses do not survive long on objects, such as letters or packages.

https://twitter.com/WHO/status/1223532656778010624 you can scroll down from this webpage on twitter for this info and other questions/answers concerned about #2019nCoV.

We as a responsible inspection company, for the inspections to conduct in the upcoming weeks/months, we will have our inspectors wear mask and take necessary measures to protect themselves while going out for the inspections.

Product quality control system

Product quality control refers to the control work carried out by enterprises to  produce qualified products, provide customers with satisfactory service and reduce invalid labor. National standard GB/T 19000:2000 defines quality control as “a part of quality management devoted to meeting quality requirements”

Determine what type of inspection method should be used at each quality control point. The test method is divided into: counting test and measuring test

1)Counting test: it is used to test discrete variables such as defect number and reject rate.

2)measuring test:It is a measure of continuous variables such as length, height, weight and strength. The quality control in the production process should also consider which type of control chart to use: numerical control drawing for discrete variables and metrological control chart for continuous variables.

7 steps of quality control

(1) select the control object;

(2) select the quality characteristic value to be monitored;

(3) determine specifications and standards and specify quality characteristics;

(4) select monitoring instruments that can accurately measure the characteristics, or self-made test means;

(5) conduct actual tests and record data;

(6) analyze the reasons for the difference between actual conditions and specifications;

(7) take corresponding corrective actions.

3)ISO9001 quality management system:The ISO9001 standard is a scientific summary of the practical experience of quality management in many economically developed countries in the world. The implementation of ISO9001 standards can promote the improvement and perfection of the organization’s quality management system and play a good role in promoting international economic and trade activities, eliminating trade technical barriers and improving the organization’s management level. To sum up, mainly has the following several aspects of the role and significance

The implementation of ISO9001 standards is conducive to improving product quality.

ISO9001 quality management system